Enter terms Electroconvulsive therapy ECT for depression in elderly people Antidepressant drugs often cause side effects in elderly people, which may limit the effectiveness of treatment for depression.
What Is Electroconvulsive Therapy? Electroconvulsive therapy ECT is a treatment for certain mental illnesses. During this therapy, electrical currents are sent through the brain to induce a seizure.
The procedure has been shown to help 78 percent of people with clinical depression. In modern ECT, electrical currents are administered more carefully. Also, the patient is sedated to reduce the risk of injury. ECT is most often used as a treatment of last resort for the following disorders: Bipolar Disorder This mood disorder is characterized by periods of intense energy and elation mania followed by severe depression.
Major Depressive Disorder This is a common mental disorder. People with this disorder experience frequent low moods and a lack of self-esteem. They may also not enjoy activities they once found pleasurable. In bilateral ECT, electrodes are placed on either side of your head.
The treatment affects your entire brain.
In unilateral ECT, one electrode is placed on the top of your head. The other is placed on your right temple. This treatment affects only the right side of your brain. These last less than half a millisecond, compared to the standard one-millisecond pulse.
The shorter pulses are believed to help prevent memory loss. You may also need to change certain medications. Your doctor will let you know how to plan. On the day of the procedure, your doctor will give you general anesthesia and muscle relaxants.
These medications will help prevent convulsions. Your doctor will place two electrodes on your scalp. A controlled electrical current will be passed between the electrodes.A woman whose major depression has not responded appreciably to antidepressants Explanation: While ECT is used to treat an increasing range of psychiatric-mental health problems, individuals with major depression are often among the best candidates for the treatment.
Brain stimulation techniques such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), for example, can be used to treat major depression that hasn't responded to standard treatments.
It is most often used to treat severe depression and depression with psychosis that has not responded to medications.
In some cases of treatment resistant bipolar disorder, ECT may be considered as a treatment option. Once called electroshock therapy, ECT still has many negative associations. When it was first used in the s, it was very primitive. Jul 16, · Brain stimulation therapies involve activating or touching the brain directly with electricity, magnets, or implants to treat depression and other disorders.
Electroconvulsive therapy is the most researched stimulation therapy and has the longest history of use. Feb 11, · A type of brain stimulation caused by a mild electric current that appears to have minimal negative side effects is showing promise as a potential treatment for major depression, according to several studies.
The experimental therapy, known as transcranial direct current stimulation, or tDCS. ECT is used to treat: Severe depression, particularly when accompanied by detachment from reality (psychosis), a desire to commit suicide or refusal to eat. Treatment-resistant depression, a severe depression that doesn't improve with medications or other treatments.