There is certainly no doubt about the greatness of these authors and their respective characters. The characters of Medea and Agamemnon, are breaking with the traditions of other plays written during this time period in Greek history. Not only are both of these main women, strong and well-spoken, they both wield considerable political power during a period in which women were sidelines from affairs of the state.
Background[ edit ] The psychologist Sigmund Freud at age 16 with his mother in A play based on the myth, Oedipus Rexwas written by Sophoclesca. Modern productions of Sophocles' play were staged in Paris and Vienna in the 19th century and were phenomenally successful in the s and s.
The Austrian psychiatristSigmund Freud —attended. In his book The Interpretation of Dreams first published inhe proposed that an Oedipal desire is a universal, psychological phenomenon innate phylogenetic to human beings, and the cause of much unconscious guilt.
Freud believed that the Oedipal sentiment has been inherited through the millions of years it took for humans to evolve from apes.
He also claimed that the play Hamlet "has its roots in the same soil as Oedipus Rex", and that the differences between the two plays are revealing.
In Hamlet it remains repressed; and—just as in the case of a neurosis—we only learn of its existence from its inhibiting consequences. His destiny moves us only because it might have been ours—because the Oracle laid the same curse upon us before our birth as upon him.
It is the fate of all of us, perhaps, to direct our first sexual impulse towards our mother and our first hatred and our first murderous wish against our father. Our dreams convince us that this is so. After his father's death inand having seen the play Oedipus Rexby SophoclesFreud begins using the term "Oedipus".
As Freud wrote in an letter, "I found in myself a constant love for my mother, and jealousy of my father. I now consider this to be a universal event in early childhood.
Proposes that Oedipal desire is the "nuclear complex" of all neuroses; first usage of "Oedipus complex" in Considers paternal and maternal incest. Complete Oedipus complex; identification and bisexuality are conceptually evident in later works. Applies the Oedipal theory to religion and custom.
Investigates the "feminine Oedipus attitude" and "negative Oedipus complex"; later the "Electra complex". It is in this third stage of psychosexual development that the child's genitalia is his or her primary erogenous zone ; thus, when children become aware of their bodies, the bodies of other children, and the bodies of their parents, they gratify physical curiosity by undressing and exploring themselves, each other, and their genitals, so learning the anatomic differences between "male" and "female" and the gender differences between "boy" and "girl".
Psychosexual infantilism—Despite mother being the parent who primarily gratifies the child's desiresthe child begins forming a discrete sexual identity—"boy", "girl"—that alters the dynamics of the parent and child relationship; the parents become objects of infantile libidinal energy. The boy directs his libido sexual desire upon his mother and directs jealousy and emotional rivalry against his father—because it is he who sleeps with his mother.
Moreover, to facilitate union with mother, the boy's id wants to kill father as did Oedipusbut the pragmatic egobased upon the reality principleknows that the father is the stronger of the two males competing to possess the one female.
Nonetheless, the boy remains ambivalent about his father's place in the family, which is manifested as fear of castration by the physically greater father; the fear is an irrational, subconscious manifestation of the infantile id.
The first defense mechanism is repressionthe blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind; yet its action does not resolve the id—ego conflict.
The second defense mechanism is identificationin which the boy or girl child adapts by incorporating, to his or her super ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent.
As a result of this, the boy diminishes his castration anxietybecause his likeness to father protects him from father's wrath in their maternal rivalry.
In the case of the girl, this facilitates identifying with mother, who understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, and thus are not antagonists.
Therefore, the satisfactory parental handling and resolution of the Oedipus complex are most important in developing the male infantile super-ego.
This is because, by identifying with a parent, the boy internalizes Morality ; thereby, he chooses to comply with societal rules, rather than reflexively complying in fear of punishment. Oedipal case study[ edit ] Female Oedipus attitude: Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnonby Frederic Leightonc.
In Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boythe case study of the equinophobic boy " Little Hans ", Freud showed that the relation between Hans's fears—of horses and of his father—derived from external factors, the birth of a sister, and internal factors, the desire of the infantile id to replace father as companion to mother, and guilt for enjoying the masturbation normal to a boy of his age.
Moreover, his admitting to wanting to procreate with mother was considered proof of the boy's sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent; he was a heterosexual male. Yet, the boy Hans was unable to relate fearing horses to fearing his father. As the treating psychoanalystFreud noted that "Hans had to be told many things that he could not say himself" and that "he had to be presented with thoughts, which he had, so far, shown no signs of possessing".
Whereas a boy develops castration anxietya girl develops penis envy rooted in anatomic fact: Resultantly, the girl redirects her desire for sexual union upon father, thus progressing to heterosexual femininity, which culminates in bearing a child, who replaces the absent penis.
Freud thus considered a girl's negative Oedipus complex to be more emotionally intense than that of a boy, resulting, potentially, in a woman of submissive, insecure personality ;  thus might an unresolved Electra complex, daughter—mother competition for psychosexual possession of father, lead to a phallic-stage fixation conducive to a girl becoming a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz.The Oedipus complex (also spelled Œdipus complex) is a concept of psychoanalytic theory.
Sigmund Freud introduced the concept in his Interpretation of Dreams () and coined the expression in his A Special Type of Choice of Object made by Men (). The positive Oedipus complex refers to a child's unconscious sexual desire for the opposite-sex parent and hatred for the same-sex parent.
Perkʷū́nos Perkʷū́nos (either "Striker" or “Oak God”) is the god of thunder and lightning. We’ve already seen him in his great myth, slaying the Serpent. Apr 02, · The Oresteia is a series of three tragic plays written by the Greek playwright Aeschylus. It was first presented in BCE, just a couple of years before his death in roughly BCE.
The trilogy is based on the story of the House of Atreus and includes Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and The Eumenides. The Importance of Gender in Aeschylus' Oresteia Gender is made explicit as a theme throughout the Oresteia through a series of male-female conflicts and incorrectly gendered characters dominated by the figure of Clytemnestra, a woman out of place.
The Lodger The Lodger () is Hitchcock's first suspense film. The Opening The opening of The Lodger is rich and inventive. It precedes the introduction of any of the film's main characters. Hitchcock films like spinning machines that exhibit "rotary motion". Gender issues of Aeschylus's Agamemnon and Euripides's Media Aeschylus's Agamemnon and Euripides's Media are such kind of characters which are rare to find in the history of literature.