Modern Iraq covers almost the same area as ancient Mesopotamia, which centered on the land between the Tigres and the Euphrates Rivers. Mesopotamia, also referred to as the Fertile Crescent, was an important center of early civilization and saw the rise and fall of many cultures and settlements. In the medieval era, Iraq was the name of an Arab province that made up the southern half of the modern-day country.
The Art of Living: Hospitality to the Stranger Within "The role of art is to make a world which can be inhabited. What is fundamental to education?
Consider the following thought experiment. Take a group of people, who hold PhDs in literature and mathematics, and drop them off into the middle of the Amazon rainforest.
Put our intrepid PhDs there in the condition of being naked and without provisions. The virtually certain result is that they would die. I can easily imagine those highly educated PhDs desperately roaming about the rainforest like undeveloped and uneducated babies stumbling to their deaths.
They have no words for specific colors. Their language, which can also be whistled or hummedis a phonologically very simple language. If asked "What is fundamental to education? As intuitively sensible as it may be to suggest these much needed basic skills are a potential answer to this question, it would be incorrect.
As useful as these tools are, they have nothing to do with the fundamentals of education. By definition, what is fundamental to education must be so for all education. Furthermore, because education is fundamental to a life well lived, what is fundamental to all education must also be fundamental to all willful living.
There is a widespread preoccupation with the value of the written word and mathematics for education. However, much of the learning a properly developed human being should experience in the course of a life well lived is experienced without any reading, writing, or mathematics.
The key to assessing this question is in considering a basic truth about what it means to be conscious.
At the most basic level, a conscious being is a being that pays attention. Attentiveness is fundamental to willful living. There is no example of a willful act that does not require the actor to pay attention. Even mastered skills that can be performed on automatic pilot are possible due to a prior history of attentiveness.
The commonality with regard to the fundamentals of education is that it requires a high quality and persistence of attentiveness both to earn a PhD and to survive in the rainforest.
The quality and persistence of human attentiveness is the most important educational foundation for every student in every culture and time.
The quality of attentiveness is the difference between a sapient being, who is capable of rising above her own dreams, and merely being an biological machine that is just going through the motions.
The absence of human attentiveness is the absence of human living. The persistence of a high quality of attentiveness through fair weather and foul is the road we must travel to lead an examined life worth living.
Attentiveness alone is not enough.
No matter how great the quality of attentiveness, it MUST be combined with the persistent will to benefit and improve oneself. Anyone can destroy themselves in highly attentive ways.
Socrates sought to inspire people to give the fullness of their attentiveness to living an examined life. The persistence of our enthusiasm to examine our ideas, beliefs, character and living is absolutely fundamental to Socrates' vision of what it means to be educated.
The goal Socrates sought to achieve through a lifetime of attentive examination of life and self was to build better character through the subordination of the will to knowledge. It is the function of education to facilitate the development of human character. This development leads people to the enthusiasm of heart, the quality of mind, and the virtue of character to persist in a never ending quest to establish their willful living with knowledge and understanding.
In this Socratic perspective, attentiveness and willfulness powered by the desire to better oneself are fundamental to the process of education and a life well lived. They are more fundamental than the incidental collection of learning and living tools that any particular culture offers to its students.
Walking the road of self-discovery in our journey to live well requires that we make ourselves able to be highly attentive to other people and ideas in productive ways. This is most important when these others embody differences that challenge our currently accepted understanding. Although being engagingly attentive to others when they challenge our understanding is a necessary strength that every developed human being must possess, there is an even more fundamental principle here.Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
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Emerging Space Capability Of China Cultural Studies Essay INTRODUCTION. 1. The modern world has witnessed revolutionary changes occurring in the field of science and technology, in spite of vast knowledge and learning being possessed by the human kind from the time immemorial, various important scientific achievements have been concentrated in the history for last hundred odd years only.
Jun 26, · U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf (left) and Iraqi Lt-General Sultan Hashim Ahmed salute each other following the formal surrender of Iraq to U.S.-led. Jul 07, · Although slavery of African-Americans in the United States has been abolished for many years now, the psychological and emotional stresses have been placed upon African-Americans who still struggle to deal with the trauma of slavery.
This research paper will be focused on the African-American race and how the psyche of . Oct 17, · Campus Watch demands academic integrity in North American Middle East studies (MES) programs.
It reviews and critiques MES bias with the aim of improving education – keeping watch on scores of professors at hundreds of universities. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
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