Colonial literature[ edit ] Because of the large immigration to Boston in the s, the articulation of Puritan ideals, and the early establishment of a college and a printing press in Cambridgethe New England colonies have often been regarded as the center of early American literature. However, the first European settlements in North America had been founded elsewhere many years earlier. During the colonial period, the printing press was active in many areas, from Cambridge and Boston to New YorkPhiladelphiaand Annapolis.
This work is rescued from the class of mere translation by its literary art and imaginative interpretation, and it possesses for us an additional interest because of its nativity amid such surroundings. Two lines telling how Philemon "Took down a flitch of bacon with a prung, That long had in the smoky chimney hung," show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.
He himself says of this version that it was "bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to bring it to light, instead of the muses. The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers.
This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacona young Virginian patriot and military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of Bacon and his rebellion.
These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in colonial poetry: Our arms, though ne'er so strong, Will want the aid of his commanding tongue, Which conquered more than Caesar.
Anne Bradstreet and the Puritan Community - In , John Winthrop delivered his sermon “A Model of Christianity” on a boat filled with eager passenger’s longing . Mary clearly puritan due to the allusions towards the bible and constantly comparing her life's pilgrimage to god's salvation and destiny. Anne Bradstreet then Mary Rowlandson-the main subject is religion Revolutionary period. Jonathan Edwards (could be colonial) thomas Jefferson Abagail Adams Ben Franklin Crevecoeur Puritan and Colonial Values in the Writings of Anne Bradstreet, Mary Rowlandson and Jonathan Edwards ( words, 5 pages) In the early years of American History, literature commonly reflected the colonial culture, the native culture, and the imperialistic ideals of the time period.
This is today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for what has come to be known as southern hospitality: A stranger has no more to do, but to inquire upon the road where any gentleman or good housekeeper lives, and there he may depend upon being received with hospitality.
This good nature is so general among their people, that the gentry, when they go abroad, order their principal servant to entertain all visitors with everything the plantation affords.
And the poor planters who have but one bed, will very often sit up, or lie upon a form or couch all night, to make room for a weary traveller to repose himself after his journey.
He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in the Year This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding. This selection describes the Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: Doubtless the eternal shade that broods over this mighty bog and hinders the sunbeams from blessing the ground, makes it an uncomfortable habitation for anything that has life.
Not so much as a Zealand frog could endure so aguish a situation. It had one beauty, however, that delighted the eye, though at the expense of all the other senses: Not even a turkey buzzard will venture to fly over it, no more than the Italian vultures will fly over the filthy lake Avernus or the birds in the Holy Land over the salt sea where Sodom and Gomorrah formerly stood.
Our chaplain for his part did his office and rubbed us up with a seasonable sermon. This was quite a new thing to our brethren of North Carolina, who live in a climate where no clergyman can breathe, and when they fock, they fock hard.
No critic could say that they might as well have been written in London as in Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form.
Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In addition to improvement in form, we may note the appearance of a new quality: America's earliest writers have few traces of humor because colonization was a serious life and death affair to them.
In New England there were more dwellers in towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and more literature.
The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the Puritans had fought the Stuart kings and had approved a Commonwealth. In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an increasing power in the political history of the country.
The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class. It was long the fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home.
New England started a printing press, and was printing books by In Sir William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, wrote, "I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and heresy and sects into the world, and printing has developed them.
The South was chiefly agricultural.
The plantations were large, and the people lived in far greater isolation than in New England, where not only the town, but more especially the church, developed a close social unit.
One other reason served to make it difficult for a poet of the plowman type, like Robert Burns, or for an author from the general working class, like Benjamin Franklin, to arise in the South.
Labor was thought degrading, and the laborer did not find the same chance as at the North to learn from close association with the intelligent class. The reason for this is given by Colonel William Byrd, from whom we have quoted in the preceding section.
He wrote in of the leading men of the South: I am sensible of many bad consequences of multiplying these Ethiopians amongst us.
They blow up the pride and ruin the industry of our white people, who seeing a rank of poor creatures below them, detest work, for fear it should make them look like slaves. While a child, he attended the religious meetings of the Puritans.Start studying American Canon.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Authors: William Bradford, Anne Bradstreet, Jonathan Edwards, Mary Rowlandson, Phillis Wheatley, Olaudah Equiano. were read in the home by the fireside because their poetry contained strong family values, patriotism, etc.
It. Puritan values, ideas, and beliefs are evident in the works of Anne Bradstreet, William Bradford, and Jonathan Edwards. Through her poetry, Bradstreet reveals her Puritan values and ideals. Bradstreet was aware of a woman’s role in Puritan society and tried to portray herself as .
Mary Rowlandson verses Anne Bradstreet essaysMary Rowlandson and Anne Bradstreet were two different women both having strong religious beliefs. Their strong Puritan values allowed them to survive the rigorous struggles that they endured in their lives. Mary Rowlandson's struggles include her.
American literature is literature written or produced in the United States and its preceding colonies (for specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States and Theater in the United States).Before the founding of the United States, the British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States were heavily influenced by English literature.
Anne Bradstreet and the Puritan Community - In , John Winthrop delivered his sermon “A Model of Christianity” on a boat filled with eager passenger’s longing . Mary clearly puritan due to the allusions towards the bible and constantly comparing her life's pilgrimage to god's salvation and destiny.
Anne Bradstreet then Mary Rowlandson-the main subject is religion Revolutionary period. Jonathan Edwards (could be colonial) thomas Jefferson Abagail Adams Ben Franklin Crevecoeur