It was the end of an era.
He was the second Tudor monarch and was well-known for having six wives. His break with the papacy in Rome established the Church of England and began the Reformation. After the death of his elder brother Arthur inHenry became heir to the English throne. Soon after he obtained the papal dispensation required to allow him to marry his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon.
In the first years of his reign Henry VIII effectively relied on Thomas Wolsey to rule for him, and by Henry had elevated him to the highest role in government: In Pope Leo X conferred the title of Defender of the Faith on Henry for his book 'Assertio Septem Sacramentorum', which affirmed the supremacy of the Pope in the face of the reforming ideals of the German theologian, Martin Luther.
Wolsey proved himself to be an outstanding minister in his organisation of the first French campaign and while the Scots saw this war as an opportunity to invade England, they were defeated at Flodden in However war with France ultimately proved expensive and unsuccessful.
By his death he had built up a navy of around 50 ships. He refitted several vessels with the latest guns including the Mary Rose, which sank in Henry also built the first naval dock in Britain at Portsmouth and in he established the Navy Board.
This set up the administrative machinery for the control of the fleet. A male heir Henry was acutely aware of the importance of securing a male heir during his reign. He was worried that he had only one surviving child, Mary, to show for his marriage to Catherine, who was now in her 40s.
So the king asked Cardinal Wolsey to appeal to Pope Clement VII for an annulment and it soon became clear he wanted to marry Anne Boleyn, who had been a lady-in-waiting to his first wife. Thomas Wolsey's ascendancy was cut short by this failure. Henry was excommunicated by the Pope. The English reformation had begun.
This act also brought him much needed wealth through the dissolution of the well-funded monasteries. Over four years Cromwell ordered that monasteries be disbanded and their lands and treasures taken for the crown. The cultural and social impact was significant, as much of the land was sold to the gentry and churches and monasteries were gutted and destroyed.
Henry's personal religious beliefs remained Catholic, despite the growing number of people at court and in the nation who had adopted Protestantism.
Henry had grown tired of her, and after two further pregnancies ended in miscarriages, she was arrested in on trumped up charges of adultery and publicly beheaded at the Tower of London. Henry's third marriage, this time to lady-in-waiting, Jane Seymour, finally produced the son he so desperately desired with the birth of Edward in Jane Seymour died after childbirth and Henry ordered that she be granted a queen's funeral.
In an attempt to establish ties with the German Protestant alliance, Thomas Cromwell arranged a marriage between the king and German princess Anne of Cleves.
The marriage was a disaster and Henry divorced Anne a few months later. Henry blamed Cromwell for this mismatch and soon afterwards had him executed for treason. Henry continued with fruitless and expensive campaigns against Scotland and France. Inthe aging King married the teenage Catherine Howard.
Their marriage was short lived. It was alleged that she had a previous relationship with Henry's courtier Francis Dereham and an affair with another courtier Thomas Culpeper.
Catherine was executed for adultery and treason in Henry's final marriage to Catherine Parr, who acted like a nurse, was more harmonious and she would go on to outlive him.King Henry VIII died on January 28, It was the end of an era.
His will commanded he be buried with his beloved wife Jane Seymour, the only wife to give birth to a surviving legitimate male heir. Henry had given her a magnificent funeral after which she was buried in a vault under.
Directed by Alexander Korda. With Charles Laughton, Robert Donat, Franklin Dyall, Miles Mander.
King Henry VIII marries five more times after his divorce from his first wife Catherine of Aragon. Henry VIII is one of the most famous kings in English history.
He was the second Tudor monarch and was well-known for having six wives. His break with the papacy in Rome established the Church of. Catherine of Aragon was the youngest surviving child of Ferdinand and Isabella, the joint rulers of Spain, and as was common for princesses of the day, her parents almost immediately began looking for a political match for her.
When she was three year old, she was betrothed to Arthur, the son of Henry VII of England. Arthur was not even quite two at the time. Anne Boleyn played an important part in English history and the creation of the Church of England.
In order for Henry VIII to marry Anne Boleyn, his marriage to Catherine of Aragon needed to end. Henry VIII is one of the most famous kings in British history. He was the second Tudor monarch and was well known for his six wives.
His break with the papacy.