Come Ye Sons of Art, Z. His only opera, Dido and Aeneas, divulged his sheer mastery in the handling of the work's vast expressive canvas, which included lively dance numbers, passionate arias and rollicking choruses. Purcell also wrote much incidental music for stage productions, including that for Dryden's King Arthur. His church music includes many anthems, devotional songs, and other sacred works, but few items for Anglican services.
Switch to Russian This portrait of Purcell was published as the frontispiece to his Sonatas of III parts for 2 violins and Henry purcell with organ or harpsichord published in Engraving, presumably taken from a painting now lost.
Many details of his life are still obscure: Whether it wasorhe was lucky to be born in the culminating point of English history, at the time of the restoration of the monarchy and the established Church after the Puritan Commonwealth period, when the government closed the theaters and outlawed Anglican worship.
This period of English history, opening with the accession of King Charles II and lasting from until the end of XIIth century is regarded by many as the golden age of English music.
He had a fine voice, was a skillful performer on the lute and played the organ in Westminster Abbey and of course became the first teacher of Henry Purcell junior. After the death of his father, Henry was taken under the protection of his Uncle Thomas, also a gentleman of the Chapel Royal.
By his influence, Henry was admitted as one of the Children of the Chapel Royal. That time, at the age of eight, he wrote his first music. After his voice broke in he left the Chapel Royal. In the young composer became an organist for Westminster Abbey, where he had formerly been an organ tuner and had handwritten copies of organ music.
Inappointed composer-in-ordinary for the Royal violins with public and official recognition, Purcell returned to Chapel Royal as an organist.
His death at the age of 37 was obviously hastened by overwork. Purcell died inHenry purcell likely due to pneumonia. Henry Purcell began a new era in music. During the English history Restoration period, a very important time in English history, he did more then any other composer for music of the church, the theater, the concert room, and the chamber.
At that time music was demanded to be more for eyes than for ears. In the Chapel Royal music was regarded as a entertainment at the same style, as the fashion which composed in the court. Purcell provided a number of verse anthems and full anthems for the liturgy.
Traditionally, Purcell is regarded as the first English opera composer. His theater music in particular made his name familiar to many who knew nothing of his church music or the odes and welcome songs he wrote for the court.
They are plays, in which the action is accompanied by incidental music. It sometimes provides scope for an overture, interlude, ballet airs, dances, but at the same time it allows scope for recitatives, vocal airs, duets, choruses. Only one work can be defined as an opera: Definitely, Purcell was the first among English composers who set the English language in song.
Unlike Italian operas, the recitatives in his musical dramas gain the maximum effect when they are sung in strict time. Englishmen maybe more then any other nationality keeps the ritual impoertance in traditions and celebrations.
This is why it is not a surprise, that Purcell, being a royal composer, wrote a number of Odes, Welcome Songs and incidental pieces for other celebration of royal occasion. He had a considerable quantity of solo songs and songs for two or more voices, combining vocal cantilena often male alto, tenor and bass with thorough instrumental bass.
In pure instrumental music, the position of the composer is unique. Though he was an organist, he did not pay attention to writing for keyboard instruments, such as organ and harpsichord.
For educational purposes he had written several suites for harpsichord solo, taking themes from popular theater tunes. But with string music — such as 12 sonatas in III parts and sets of fantasias for violin — his style is very close to contemporary Italian composers.
Much of his instrumental music was written for practical purposes, as fantasias for string and orchestra, i. His string sonatas were neither advanced in technique nor served to display virtuosity.
He also wrote some pieces for trumpet and violin, as Sonata in D major, which is still performed today. Purcell is often unfairly accused of luck of individuality. The very first of his works were written in old English style like that of Orlando Gibbons, William Byrd, etc.
Like Lully, Purcell often used a vertical style of writing, in which each note of the melody is supported by a cord. Like Lully again, Purcell sometimes doubled voice part in the bass of his harmony.
Following the example of Lully, Rossi, etc. Towards the latter half of the century a simpler form of work influenced by Italian composers supplanted instrumental music in several parts, in which the middle parts of the musical texture, were replaced by music for keyboard. Purcell, above all, had a particular affection for this rhythm.
Besides of being a master of word-setting — emphasizing more important words by music phrase construction, and being exceptionally accurate in the placement of accents, as his predecessors and contemporaries composers he used keys with remarkable consistency.
Some of these — G minor for death, F minor for horror, witches and the like, F major and B flat major for pastoral scenes.Check out Henry Purcell on Amazon Music.
Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon. Purcell. English, Welsh, and Irish Purcells are of Norman decent. Purcell is from an old French word pourcel ‘piglet’. Latin porcellus, a diminutive of porcus ‘pig’. Purcell was born in St Ann's Lane, Old Pye Street Westminster – the area of London later known as Devil's Acre – in Henry Purcell Senior, whose older brother Thomas Purcell (d.
) was also a musician, was a gentleman of the Chapel Royal and sang at the coronation of King Charles II of England. Henry the elder had three sons: Edward, Henry and Daniel.
Nov 21, · On this day in , organist and Baroque composer, Henry Purcell, died at his home in Dean’s Yard, Westminster at the age of 35 or Born on or about 10 September in St Ann’s Lane, Old Pye Street, Westminster.
His legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music, a style of European classical music extending from about to Introduction. Henry Purcell (b. ?–d. ) is considered a major 17th-century composer and a luminary of English musical history.
It is recognized that he consolidated English musical traditions stemming back to the middle of the 16th century and drew particularly upon Italian-style music of the 17th, reinventing and building upon them in highly inventive ways.
Purcell was born in to Henry Purcell, master of choristers at Westminster Abbey, and his wife Elizabeth. When he was five, his father died, forcing his mother to resettle the family of six children into a more modest house and lifestyle.