The killings began inas the first genocide in the 21st century. Unrest and violence persist today. The Janjaweed systematically destroy Darfurians by burning villages, looting economic resources, polluting water sources, and murdering, raping, and torturing civilians. As of today, overpeople have been killed, and over 2.
With no end in sight for the turmoil, Ahmad Sikainga, a native of Sudan and Professor of History at Ohio State University, explores the origins and current status of the Darfur conflict.
The author and Origins are grateful to both centers. For the past four years, the remote Sudanese region of Darfur has been the scene of a bloody conflict that has led to the death of thousands of people and the displacement of more than two million.
However, much of the media coverage tends to follow the familiar patterns of sensationalizing the story rather than providing a nuanced analysis of the root causes.
The Darfur tragedy has often been reduced to pictures of miserable refugees living in squalid conditions and caricatured accounts of "Arabs" killing "Black African Muslims. Behind the tragic events in Darfur lies a complex history of deeply entrenched social inequalities, an environmental crisis and competition over natural resources, conflicting notions of identity, the militarization of rural societies, and, above all, a chronic problem of bad governance that has plagued the Sudan since its independence from British colonial rule in The population of Darfur was estimated in at about six million, eighty percent of whom live in the rural areas.
At the outset, it is important to dispel a number of misconceptions that have characterized the media coverage of the Darfur conflict. Labeling it as one between "Arabs" and "Black Africans" is misleading. In reality, there are no visible racial or religious differences between the warring parties in Darfur.
All parties involved in the conflict—whether they are referred to as "Arab" or "African"—are equally indigenous, equally black, and equally Muslim.
Darfurians represent a multitude of ethnic and linguistic groups. These diverse groups are dispersed among each other and share similar physical and cultural characteristics. A long history of internal migration, mixing, and intermarriage in Darfur have created remarkable ethnic fluidity: For instance, in the Darfur context, for the most part the term "Arab" is used as an occupational rather than an ethnic label, for the majority of the Arabic speaking groups are pastoralists.
On the other hand, most of the non-Arab groups are sedentary farmers. However, even these occupational boundaries are often crossed. For several centuries, the Fur were the dominant political power in the region, particularly in the pre-colonial era.
In the seventeenth century they established a kingdom that shared many of the characteristics of other Muslim states in the Sahelian belt. The Sahel or the Sudanic belt refers to the region south of the Sahara Desert, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Nile basin in the east.
From its capital at Al-Fasher, the Darfur kingdom established extensive political and commercial links with these states as well as with Egypt and North Africa. The Fur kingdom remained the leading regional power until it was destroyed in by the forces of Al-Zubair Rahmad, the northern Sudanese trader and adventurer, who brought it under the Turco-Egyptian colonial administration Turco-Egyptian rule was overthrown in by an Islamic revivalist movement—known as the Mahdiyya—led by Muhammad Ahmad ibn Abdalla, who claimed to be the Mahdi or the guided one.
Many Darfurians supported the Mahdiyya and were among its most loyal followers.Genocide in the Darfur Region of Sudan (Present) Civil war has existed between the northern and southern regions of Sudan for more than a decade.
The northern region, centered on the capital of Khartoum, is predominantly made up of Muslims who are ethnically Arab, while groups of Christians and animists live in the south. Darfur Genocide Background. While international attention was focused on negotiating the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and ending the conflict between northern and southern Sudan, another major conflict was beginning in the western region of Sudan known as Darfur.
Ten years after Rwanda, a genocide is unfolding again while the world watches and refuses to say its name. The failure of the United States and the international community to act in Rwanda a.
The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan that began in February when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.
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Twelve years after reporting on the conflict in Darfur, film . Sudan - Conflict in Darfur: A separate conflict that remained unresolved centred on the Darfur region in western Sudan. The conflict began in when rebels launched an insurrection to protest what they contended was the Sudanese government’s disregard for the western region and its non-Arab population.