It can be useful to look at the situation through the lens of several theories as the most ethical way forward will usually be judged as ethical by several different theories.
Develops character, not just obey laws this is a strength. You develop an image of what the ideal person is. The wise teach the young.
Holds up virtues as ideals, as well as determinants of morality. In the middle ages in the Western world, the definition changes to Christian following the example of Jesus. A good person today is a virtuous person, a person who functions. Definitions of virtue vary. For example, as in heroes.
A hero could be a political hero, a war hero. It can be all kinds of heroes, with its own definition of virtue. Male and Female Ethics Women tend to live in a world of social relations, emotions. It contrasts with men who tend to live in a world of principle.
If you leave it to men alone, we would live in a very competitive and individualistic world. Immanuel Kant [Duty Ethics] 5. Pure reasoning is the source of morality. In other words, the most basic thing about people is, they want to live in a good society, have relationships with other people.
He said we have an obligation to do the right thing. Duty Ethics say we have a duty to achieve good. How do you figure out what is good? He says your reasoning can figure that out. He also says, to be moral, an action must be voluntary. Morality is a conscious action according to his way of thinking.
He says, morality is discovered by pure reason not by law or consequences. Duty Ethics is a very famous system.
Here are the rules for Duty Ethics: First, act only according to that maxim rulewhich can be a universal law for all people in all circumstances. In other words, using your pure reasoning. You can come up with what is the moral way to behave.
It says, it makes sense to be truthful. This maxim is universal, and applies to everybody in all circumstances, there is no exception to the rule, as in the example a lie is a lie, is a lie Categorical Imperative.
Second, how do you check to make sure that you have come up with a good rule? This calls for the principle of Reversibility.Ethics Munson's 5 Ethical Theories Essay Ethics Ethics is a branch if philosophy that deal with ideas about what is morally good and bad.
Ethics act as tools, giving us guidance when we need to make important decisions in personal and professional situations. Aug 28, · A Summary of the Terms and Types of Ethical Theories.
Updated on September 6, Evie Lopez.
more. Contact Author. Do you have an Ethics class you need to take as a prerequisite or an elective? Here’s a summary of the terms, types, and critiques of ethical series that may help you successfully pass the course.
5. Duty Ethics (Immanuel Reviews: Ethics Munson’s Ethical Theories November 20, | Leave a comment Ethics is a branch if philosophy that deal with ideas about what is morally good and bad.
Start studying 5 Ethical Theories. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. As noted earlier, consequentialist theories of ethics find the basis for an action’s morality in the consequences produced by the action rather than in the action itself.
Deonological theories of ethics, argue that it is features of the action itself, apart from consequences, which determine its morality. An Introduction to five ethical theories 2 December · by awakengreen · in Ethics. There are many ethical theories that can be used to analyse situations in everyday life as well as hypothetical ethical .