Posted on January 17, by Gail Tverberg A person might think from looking at news reports that our oil problems are gone, but oil prices are still high. If we expect to have more tight oil and more oil from other unconventional sources, we need to expect to continue to have high oil prices. The new oil may help supply somewhat, but the high cost of extraction is not likely to go away.
Upgrading to more efficient industrial technology. Fuel Switching Switching to fuels that result in less CO2 emissions but the same amount of energy, when combusted. Using natural gas instead of coal to run machinery. Recycling Producing industrial products from materials that are recycled or renewable, rather than producing new products from raw materials.
Using scrap steel and scrap aluminum as opposed to smelting new aluminum or forging new steel. Training and Awareness Making companies and workers aware of the steps to reduce or prevent emissions leaks from equipment. EPA has a variety of voluntary programs that provide resources for training and other steps for reducing emissions.
Instituting handling policies and procedures for perfluorocarbons PFCshydrofluorocarbons HFCsand sulfur hexafluoride SF6 that reduce occurrences of accidental releases and leaks from containers and equipment.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: Larger image to save or print The residential and commercial sectors include all homes and commercial businesses excluding agricultural and industrial activities. Greenhouse gas emissions from this sector come from direct emissions including fossil fuel combustion for heating and cooking needs, management of waste and wastewater, and leaks from refrigerants in homes and businesses as well as indirect emissions that occur offsite but are associated with use of electricity consumed by homes and businesses.
Direct emissions are produced from residential and commercial activities in a variety of ways: Combustion of natural gas and petroleum products for heating and cooking needs emits carbon dioxide CO2methane CH4and nitrous oxide N2O.
Coal consumption is a minor component of energy use in both of these sectors. Organic waste sent to landfills emits CH4.
Wastewater treatment plants emit CH4 and N2O. Fluorinated gases mainly hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems can be released during servicing or from leaking equipment.
Indirect emissions are produced by burning fossil fuel at a power plant to make electricity, which is then used in residential and commercial activities such as lighting and for appliances.
More national-level information about emissions from the residential and commercial sectors can be found in the U. Greenhouse gas emissions from homes and businesses vary from year to year based on short-term fluctuations in energy consumption caused primarily by weather conditions.
Larger image to save or print. Reducing Emissions from Homes and Businesses The table shown below provides some examples of opportunities to reduce emissions from homes and businesses.The shale revolution triggered The Domino Effect, a cascading series of events that has profoundly transformed energy markets, reshaped major related industries and remodeled the global economic and geopolitical landscape.
8 Mins Ago. The final reading on second-quarter gross domestic product is the best since the third quarter of , boosted by spending and investment increases. High oil prices translate to high gas prices.
Petroleum is also an ingredient in fertilizer. Petroleum is also an ingredient in fertilizer. This, combined with higher transportation costs, increases food prices.
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The New York Times bestselling author of Armed Madhouse offers a globetrotting, Sam Spade-style investigation that blows the lid off the oil industry.
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Petroleum (/ p ə ˈ t r oʊ l i ə m /) is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of barnweddingvt.coments of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e.
separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by .