Case study infant feeding

Breastfeeding — Tease lips or cheek. Breastfeeding — Twins, cross cradle position I. Breastfeeding — Twins, football or clutch hold.

Case study infant feeding

Previous Next Being Vegan, Breastfeeding, and Infant Safety I was inundated this past week with people sending me links to articles about a French family who was charged with child endangerment for, what articles reported, being vegan.

The way most outlets had it, the vegan couple were exclusively breastfeeding their month-old daughter when she fell ill and died. But there is more to this story and an examination of the myths surrounding this case is clearly needed.

But her death was due to untreated bronchitis which progressively got worse until she got so sick her parents called an ambulance but it was too late. So how did the whole vegan thing come up?

According to news sites, when the ambulance drivers arrived, they noticed the little girl looked incredibly undernourished. Which she did — bronchitis. But here is where the parents were truly negligent and seems to be the crux of the case against them: So we have three issues here to discuss: First, let me say that information on the dietary implications of exclusive breastfeeding for a year is absent.

There does not seem to be reason to believe there is an issue though given that any solids prior to a year are really there for filling or to allow a child to adapt to the taste of different foods.

Even in children who receive solids earlier than a year, the vast majority of calories continue to come from breastmilk or formula. The only potential issue, as I see it, is whether or not a parent is forcing a child to nurse exclusively for a year or if this is a child-led decision. If a child is reaching and asking for food past six months, it may be a sign that they require more calories or a more varied diet or are simply curious.

On average, it seems that humans as far back as the Neanderthals [2] have been exclusively breastfeeding for approximately six months and then slowly introducing solids.

For whatever reason, that is when human babies seem to want to expand their palate and when we oblige.

Case study infant feeding

It should really have raised awareness about diets in general especially in North America and breastfeeding. And deficiencies in several of the key vitamins for development are linked to maternal diets that are lacking in these vitamins. For example, there is research on Vitamin D deficiencies in breast-fed babies due to maternal deficiencies [3] as well as Vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies due to maternal underconsumption both during pregnancy and lactation [4] [5].

However, this is rare because even in poorly nourished areas, breastfeeding has found to be protective of Vitamin A deficiency, suggesting that the level of deprivation needed to reach this is more extreme than in many of the poorest regions of the world [7].

The child in question was deficient in Vitamin A and B Infants who are deficient present with many symptoms of developmental delays and regressions including anorexia and failure to thrive [8].

Vegans DO have options, including certain nutritional yeasts that provide a full daily amount and fortified items or even plain supplements. And most vegetarian and vegan sites and books are very clear on the importance of ensuring you receive adequate B12, especially when lactating. The deficiency in Vitamin A is a little harder to understand.

As previously said, the fact that the child was notably deficient despite being breastfed suggests levels of deficiency seen in some of the most impoverished areas of the world.

Although even in one study out of a poorer region of Ethiopia, none of the breastfed children many were in preschool and still nursing — yeah! And as many of the sources of Vitamin A are vegetables, I can honestly say I fail to understand how a vegan could be deficient at all.

I got a good nutritional lesson from some EP readers informing me that the reason many vegetables are listed as being sources of Vitamin A is that they can, under optimal conditions, convert to Vitamin A but do not actually contain Vitamin A, but rather beta-carotene. Unfortunately some people actually cannot do this conversion and need to get their sources from animal sources.

Thank you EP readers! In the case of B12, it was clearly due to their vegan diet and a refusal or ignorance about supplementation. In the case of vitamin A, who knows?! However, does this mean we condemn vegan diets? We know they can be quite healthy, even though it may require more work on behalf of those partaking in them.

Case study infant feeding

In one study, it was found that the average diet in the United States is deficient in vitamins A, C, D, and E, calcium, and magnesium [9]. Other research has found that most North Americans are also deficient in Omega-3 Fatty Acids, also key for infant neurological development [10].

Even though children who are lacking in these vitamins are, as pointed out in the original case, at a higher risk of getting sick. This means we need more information and education on proper diet, and what signs to look for in terms of deficiencies in ourselves and our children.

Infant - Wikipedia

No one wants their child to get sick, which is what happened here, and which brings us to the final issue… Can or Should Parents be Able to Refuse Medical Treatments for their Children? This seems to be the real crux of the issue. Had these parents brought their daughter in for treatment when she got sick, a whole host of issues would have been found and hopefully dealt with.

The question becomes, should parents have the right to refuse these treatments with no repercussions? In France, there are far fewer protections on religion not that it was brought up here anyway meaning they can and did charge these parents.World Breastfeeding Week 1 to 7 August The World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is the greatest outreach vehicle for the breastfeeding movement, being celebrated in over countries.

For generations, millions upon millions of babies were routinely circumcised without anaesthetic, in the comforting belief that "babies can't feel pain" - and in spite of those babies turning blue in the face trying to tell us they can.

Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as often and as much as the baby wants. View Infant Feeding Case Study from HEALTH at Keystone High School.

Infants, need a lot of care for being so small, especially with their diet.

The ‘early years’ is a crucial period for the prevention of childhood obesity. Health services are well placed to deliver preventive programs to families, however, they usually rely on voluntary attendance, which is challenging given low parental engagement. This study explored factors influencing engagement in the Infant Program: a group-based obesity prevention program facilitated by. Case Study Infant Feeding. Infant feeding Introduction The most important thing the mothers used to worry about is how they can provide healthy life for their children. Therefore, the appropriate and healthy food is one of the most important things they try to make it available. They usually start that during pregnancy period. CASE STUDY:NESTLE THE INFANT FORMULA CONTROVERSY SUMMARY: In this case the issue which is discussed is related to Nestle, infant food is a multinational company as we all know but due to its negligence,it did not fulfill its corporate social responsibility, so it was a cause of international boycott of Nestle .

At six months old this is where the first big. OBJECTIVE To further investigate the association between the type of feeding in infancy and the development of IDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We have carried out a case-control study in the area of Sassari (northern Sardinia, Italy), which is characterized by an ethnically homogenous population at high risk of IDDM.

The study . Case Study: Persistent 2 Case Study: Persistent Vomiting in an Infant Subjective Data Patient Profile Identifying Factors The patient is a one month old term male who presents to the primary care office for.

The Parent Infant Centre