Freyr ]' - the latter originally being the same as Tacitus's Ingvaeones see n.
The literature of World War II —45 The outbreak of war inas inbrought to an end an era of great intellectual and creative exuberance.
Individuals were dispersed; the rationing of paper affected the production of magazines and books; and the poem and the short storyconvenient forms for men under arms, became the favoured means of literary expression.
It was hardly a time for new beginnings, although the poets of the New Apocalypse movement produced three anthologies —45 inspired by Neoromantic anarchism. No important new novelists or playwrights appeared. Only three new poets all of whom died on active service showed promise: Alun LewisSidney Keyes, and Keith Douglasthe latter the most gifted and distinctive, whose eerily detached accounts of the battlefield revealed a poet of potential greatness.
It was a poet of an earlier generation, T.
Eliotwho produced in his Four Quartets —42; published as a whole, the masterpiece of the war. Reflecting upon language, time, and history, he searched, in the three quartets written during the war, for moral and religious significance in the midst of destruction and strove to counter the spirit of nationalism inevitably present in a nation at war.
This was particularly perceptible in authors who had already established themselves before the war. Auden turned from Marxist politics to Christian commitment, expressed in poems that attractively combine classical form with vernacular relaxedness.
Christian belief suffused the verse plays of T. Eliot and Christopher Fry. While Graham Greene continued the powerful merging of thriller plots with studies of moral and psychological ambiguity that he had developed through the s, his Roman Catholicism loomed especially large in novels such as The Heart of the Matter and The End of the Affair Less-traditional spiritual solace was found in Eastern mysticism by Aldous Huxley and Christopher Isherwood and by Robert Graveswho maintained an impressive output of taut, graceful lyric poetry behind which lay the creed he expressed in The White Goddessa matriarchal mythology revering the female principle.
Allegory and symbol set wide resonances quivering, so that short books make large statements. Her best-known novel, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodiefor example, makes events in a s Edinburgh classroom replicate in miniature the rise of fascism in Europe.
The stylized novels of Henry Greensuch as Concluding and Nothingalso seem to be precursors of the terse, compressed fiction that Spark and Golding brought to such distinction. This kind of fiction, it was argued by Iris Murdocha philosopher as well as a novelist, ran antiliberal risks in its preference for allegorypattern, and symbol over the social capaciousness and realistic rendition of character at which the great 19th-century novels excelled.
A Severed Head is the most incisive and entertaining of her elaborately artificial works; The Bell best achieves the psychological and emotional complexity she found so valuable in classic 19th-century fiction.
While restricting themselves to socially limited canvases, novelists such as Elizabeth Bowen, Elizabeth Taylorand Barbara Pym continued the tradition of depicting emotional and psychological nuance that Murdoch felt was dangerously neglected in midth-century novels.
In contrast to their wry comedies of sense and sensibility and to the packed parables of Golding and Spark was yet another type of fiction, produced by a group of writers who became known as the Angry Young Men. From authors such as John BraineJohn Wain also a notable poetAlan SillitoeStan Barstowand David Storey also a significant dramatist came a spate of novels often ruggedly autobiographical in origin and near documentary in approach.
The predominant subject of these books was social mobilityusually from the northern working class to the southern middle class.
Satiric watchfulness of social change was also the specialty of Kingsley Amiswhose deriding of the reactionary and pompous in his first novel, Lucky Jimled to his being labeled an Angry Young Man.
As Amis grew older, though, his irascibility vehemently swiveled toward left-wing and progressive targets, and he established himself as a Tory satirist in the vein of Waugh or Powell. Thoughtfulness about the form of the novel and relationships between past and present fiction showed itself most stimulatingly in the works—generally campus novels—of the academically based novelists Malcolm Bradbury and David Lodge.
From the late s onward, the outstanding trend in fiction was enthrallment with empire. The first phase of this focused on imperial disillusion and dissolution.
Three half-satiric, half-elegiac novels by J. Then, in the s, postcolonial voices made themselves audible. The Satanic Verses was understood differently in the Islamic worldto the extent that the Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini pronounced a fatwa, in effect a death sentence [later suspended], on Rushdie.
Nor was India alone in inspiring vigorous postcolonial writing. Particularly notable is An Insular Possessionwhich vividly harks back to the founding of Hong Kong.This is a story about the deep history of Cheshire and the Gandys, the Hindleys & the Birchalls who lived there. It is distorted by the mists of time and perhaps by personal prejudices, but nevertheless the tale is inspirational because deeply buried amongst the myths & contentions there are some robust & resilient insights otherwise the story wouldn't have survived.
Explanatory Notes of Beowulf. (= "They played at tæfl [a chess-like board game] in the court, and were happy. They lacked no gold, until three came to them from the world of the giants, giant-maidens with terrifying power".).
This site contains links to lesson plans and resources for adolescent and young adult (grades ) literature, including short stories, mysteries, and English literature.
Get an answer for 'In what ways do you think Beowulf reveals the values of the Anglo-Saxon society?' and find homework help for other Beowulf questions at eNotes. Most Common Text: Click on the icon to return to barnweddingvt.com and to enjoy and benefit. the of and to a in that is was he for it with as his on be at by i this had not are but from or have an they which one you were all her she there would their we him been has when who will no more if out so up said what its about than into them can only other time new some could these two may first then do.
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