An introduction to the issues in police in the united states

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An introduction to the issues in police in the united states

History[ edit ] The first police car was a wagon run by electricity fielded on the streets of Akron, Ohio in Ford's introduction of the flathead V-8 in its Model 18 in ——the first low-priced, mass-marketed car with a V8 engine——proved quite popular amongst police departments and led to strong brand loyalty.

In turn, this gave the company a market-capturing edge that lasted until In the s and s, the " Big Three " Ford, General Motorsand Chrysler began to offer specialized police packages with severe duty parts. Foremost amongst these was the Ford package ofwhich utilized the larger and more powerful Mercury engine in the smaller, lighter Ford.

This ended the practice of some state police buying larger and more powerful, but higher-priced models including BuicksHudsonsand Chryslers. InPlymouth took first place in the police market, with Chrysler's cu. V8sTorqueflite transmissions, and torsion bar suspensions giving them a compelling advantage.

Chrysler held this lead until the s energy crisis drove buyers to smaller cars, and Chrysler subsequently discontinued their rear-drive platform after the model year.

Some state highway patrols including those of California and Missouri adopted pony carssuch as the Ford MustangChevrolet Camaroand AMC Javelin for use as high-speed pursuit vehicles.

Since the termination of the North American Chevrolet Caprice model in though it would subsequently return in for exclusive law enforcement usethe Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor has replaced it as the standard patrol car currently used by most police departments.

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In an attempt to better combat the threat of rear-end impacts that highway patrol vehicles face when stopped on the shouldernew models can be optionally equipped with a fire suppression system.

In September,however, Ford discontinued the Crown Victoria in favor of the 6th-generation Taurus. This has helped Dodge reclaim leadership in the market with the Dodge Charger Pursuit, as of Non-Crown Victoria police vehicles may be bought to diversify a police department's fleet in order to better minimize disruption should a recall occur.

Furthermore, trials with FWD vehicles like the Taurus and Impala have proven problematic in terms of maintenance costs.

An introduction to the issues in police in the united states

Nonetheless, more departments continue to opt for the Charger. In the summer ofthe Georgia State Patrol announced that it would begin using the Charger Pursuit for high speed chases on Interstate highways due to its additional power and speed, and the Oklahoma Highway Patrol switched to the model early, as well.

Retail versions are not available in a police package. As of28 state police agencies use the Charger Pursuit as a primary law enforcement vehicle. These vehicles are not offered to or sold to retail customers. They are sold strictly on a government-bid basis, and the manufacturers offer considerable financial assistance to agencies that purchase them.

Forcontracts were averaging the following initial prices: Ford is, instead, promoting its Fusion Responder, which is not a pursuit vehicle. North American police cars were once noted for being painted black and whitewith the car doors and roof painted white, while the trunk, hood, front fenders and rear quarter panels were painted black.

The fleet vehicles that were used typically came painted in a single color, most commonly white or black, from the factory and were used as such. The contrasting black or white color was added to make the vehicle stand out from civilian vehicles.

Inthe Ontario Provincial Police OPP began converting its fleet back to a black-and-white scheme after decades of using other colors.

Beginning in the s, police vehicle markings have become increasingly stylistic, with widespread use of computer-graphics and vinyl striping.

While black and white designs are still in use in many jurisdictions, cars may range from being all white to completely black. Blues and greens of various hues are also frequently used.

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Brown, beiges and tans are favored by rural police and sheriff 's offices. Official markings also vary by jurisdiction. The side doors and sometimes the hood of a marked police car usually bear the agency's badge or the city seal, often in reflective finish.

Markings such as emergency telephone numbersgeneric anti-drug or anti-crime messages, or even website URLs are also common. Some agencies also have identification numbers printed on the roofs of patrol cars for tracking from aircraft, or to distinguish specialized units, such as K-9 units or supervisors.

Currently, in the United States and Canadathe paint scheme for each fleet is determined either by the individual agency or by uniform state legislation as in Minnesota.Policing Issues: Challenges and Controversies reveals the most pressing issues affecting municipal policing in the United States today.

Longstanding and emerging issues are critically examined with a solutions-focus to provide readers with a strong understanding of the problems effecting citizens, communities, police officers, and administrators.

Jan 17,  · Introduction — 1 In , the United States was shocked when two students at Columbine High School in Colorado shot and killed 12 students and one.

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