The Cyclops is one of the memorable characters of Greek mythology. Odysseus and his shipmates encountered the Cyclops on their ill-fated return from the Trojan War. The Return of Odysseus from Troy This nine-year conflict pitted the Greeks against the city of Troy, on the western coast of what is now Turkey.
So, he tried feigning madness, but Palamedes exposed him, and Odysseus had no choice but to leave. He played a crucial part during the Trojan War — both as a strategist and as a warrior — eventually coming up with the famous stratagem which decided the outcome of the bloody conflict: After numerous memorable adventures — Circethe SirensScylla and Charybdisthe Laestrygonians, Calypso — Odysseus finally managed to reach Ithacaten years after leaving Troy and twenty after joining the Trojan expedition.
He died an old man, probably accidentally killed by Telegonusa child he had fathered with Circe during one of his many adventures. However, the boar did hurt him, leaving a deep recognizable scar on his leg, one which will play an important part in the memorable drama of his later life.
With or without Odysseusthe suitors were just too many to please, and Tyndareus justifiably feared an outbreak of violence regardless of his final choice. Fortunately, Odysseus thought up an excellent little solution. In exchange for some help from Tyndareus regarding the hand of PenelopeOdysseus advised him to make all the suitors swear an oath that they would respect his final choice and that they would support the husband and wife in any ill fate that the two may face in the future.
However, while the boy was still a baby, Helen was abducted by Prince Paris of Troy. Ironically — since he had been the one to propose the oath in the first place — Odysseus did not want to join the expedition; and he had a good reason for it: So, he decided to feign madness by harnessing a donkey and an ox to a plow and sowing salt on a field.
Palamedes — who was the man sent to recruit Odysseus from Ithaca — did not believe the hero one bit; in order to test his sanity, he put Telemachus in front of the plow. Odysseus immediately changed course, thus exposing his plan.
Odysseus never forgave Palamedes for this and spend many an hour planning his revenge. Odysseus During the Trojan War It would be an understatement to say that the successful recruitment of Odysseus was a crucial event, one that would eventually decide the outcome of the Trojan War perhaps more than any other: Recruiting Achilles As a matter of fact, his recruitment started paying dividends even before the Greeks reached Troy.
Namely, fearing a prophecy which claimed that Achilles would either live a long and peaceful life or die a glorious death as a mighty warrior, his mother Thetis decided to disguise him as a woman and hide him on the court of King Lycomedes, who ruled with the island of Scyros.
Unfortunately, Odysseus learned from the prophet Calchas that the Greeks could win the Trojan War only if Achilles joined their forces. Some are more inclined to tell a different story, according to which Odysseus feigned an attack on Scyros; in this case, all but Achilles fled upon hearing the sound of the battle horn.
Odysseus was also the leader of the three-man expedition sent to appease Achilles who, enraged at what he had perceived as unfair treatment from Agamemnondecided to leave the battlefield.
Together with Diomedes, he captured and killed the Trojan spy Dolon and killed the Thracian king Rhesus during a dangerous night-raid on the Trojan camp. He also captured the Trojan seer Helenus in order to learn from him a few conditions upon whose fulfillment the fall of Troy depended.
After leaving the Horse near the Gates of Troythe Greeks pretended to sail away; initially confused, in time, the Trojans started believing that the war was over and that the Horse had been a divine gift; so, they wheeled the sculpture inside their city gates. They spent the whole day joyfully celebrating their victory and dancing around the Horse.
However, once the night fell, the Greek warriors hopped out of the sculpture and opened the Gates for the rest of the rest of the Greeks, who, under the guise of the evening, had managed to sail back to the shore. Before long, the Greeks stormed at the unsuspecting, drunk and practically defenseless Trojans, slewing many of them and, finally, winning a famous and conclusive victory.
In addition, Odysseus never forgot his grudge against Palamedes. According to some authors, he faked a letter from Priam and falsely exposed him as a traitor after which he and Diomedes stoned Palamedes to death.
Others claim that the two comrades fooled Palamedes into descending a well under the premise that a treasure laid hidden inside; once Palamedes climbed down the well, Odysseus and Palamedes started throwing rocks at him, eventually burying him at the bottom.
Maron and the Cicones Odysseus left Troy with twelve ships — as many as he had sailed with a decade before. Soon after, a strong wind drives the ships off course, and they wind up on the south coast of Thrace, among the Cicones, Trojan allies.
In the battle which ensues, Odysseus and his crew kill all the men there, except for a priest of Apollo called Maron. In gratitude, the priest gives Odysseus twelve jars of strong wine.
He sends three men to scout the area, but, not one of them returns to the ships in due time. Polyphemus Next, Odysseus ' ships reach the island of the Cyclopesa race of one-eyed giant shepherds famous for their uncouth and violent ways.
Enticed by some resources, Odysseus and twelve of his men end up entrapped in the cave of the Cyclops Polyphemuswho, after blocking the entrance of the cave with a giant boulder, starts eating them, two by two.
After introducing himself as Outis — i.Though Athena has disguised Odysseus as a beggar, Eumaeus warmly receives and nourishes him in the hut. He soon encounters Telemachus, who has returned from Pylos and Sparta despite the suitors’ ambush, and reveals to him his true identity.
Odysseus and Telemachus devise a plan to massacre the suitors and regain control of Ithaca. The Greek Gods There are so many gods in Greek mythology that it can become very confusing.
Add in differing accounts and Greek versus Roman names and there is a plethora of opportunities for mistakes. Role in the Epic: He is present in Odysseus' trip to the Underworld.
Odysseus sees hime and Persephone ruling from their thrones as he roams. Suggested Essay Topics Critical Evaluation Critical Overview The Odyssey summary key points: Odysseus’s son Telemachus sneaks off the island to find his father. Menelaus tells him that.
The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The suitors mock him while he readies himself for the trip, careful not to let his mother know about his plans.
Meanwhile, Athena walks around town disguised as Telemachus, inviting men to meet up at nightfall at a ship she has borrowed. Odysseus is a hero because as proven, he receives super-natural help multiple times from many gods and goddesses.
Another characteristic of an archetypal hero is a fatal flaw. A fatal flaw is a flaw which has a negative impact on the hero and their journey.
Odysseus is an .